['riːz(ə)n] or [ˈrizən]
(noun.) the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; 'we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil'.
(noun.) a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion; 'there is reason to believe he is lying'.
(noun.) an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon; 'the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly'.
(noun.) a rational motive for a belief or action; 'the reason that war was declared'; 'the grounds for their declaration'.
(verb.) think logically; 'The children must learn to reason'.
(verb.) decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion; 'We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house'.
(n.) A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.
(n.) The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discursive or ratiocinative faculty.
(n.) Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.
(n.) Ratio; proportion.
(n.) To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.
(n.) Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.
(n.) To converse; to compare opinions.
(v. t.) To arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine or discuss by arguments; to debate or discuss; as, I reasoned the matter with my friend.
(v. t.) To support with reasons, as a request.
(v. t.) To persuade by reasoning or argument; as, to reason one into a belief; to reason one out of his plan.
(v. t.) To overcome or conquer by adducing reasons; -- with down; as, to reason down a passion.
(v. t.) To find by logical processes; to explain or justify by reason or argument; -- usually with out; as, to reason out the causes of the librations of the moon.
n. . Intellect, mind, sense, understanding, rational faculty, thinking principle, intellectual powers or faculties, discursive power or faculty.. Cause, ground, principle, motive, consideration, account, efficient cause.. Design, purpose, end, object, aim, final cause.. Argument, reasoning, chain of reasoning, process of reasoning.. Reasonableness, wisdom, common sense, good sense, right or just view.. Theory, exposition, rationale.
v. n. . Draw conclusions, draw inferences, make deductions.. Argue, debate, dispute, chop logic, try conclusions, bandy words or arguments, hold or carry on an argument.
SYN:Debate, discuss, argue, infer, deduce, conclude,[See ARGUE]
SYN:Ground, account, cause, explanation, motive, proof, apology, understanding,reasoning, rationality, right, propriety, justice, order, object, sake,purpose
ANT:Pretext, pretence, misinterpretation, falsification, misconception, disproof,unreasonableness, absurdity, fallacy, irrationality, wrong, unreason,impropriety, unfairness, folly, aimlessness, unaccountableness
n. an idea which supports or justifies an act or belief: a motive: proof: excuse: cause: an explanation: the faculty of the mind by which man draws conclusions and determines right and truth: the exercise of reason: just view of things: right conduct: propriety: justice: that which is conformable to reason: (logic) a premise placed after its conclusion.—v.i. to exercise the faculty of reason: to deduce inferences from premises: to argue: to debate: (B.) to converse.—v.t. to examine or discuss: to debate: to persuade by reasoning.—adj. Rea′sonable endowed with reason: rational: acting according to reason: agreeable to reason: just: not excessive: moderate.—n. Rea′sonableness.—adv. Rea′sonably.—ns. Rea′soner; Rea′soning act of reasoning: that which is offered in argument: course of argument.—adj. Rea′sonless.—n. Rea′son-piece a wall plate.—By reason of on account of: in consequence of; Principle of sufficient reason the proposition that nothing happens without a sufficient reason why it should be as it is and not otherwise; Pure reason reason absolutely independent of experience.
n. Propensitate of prejudice.
v.i. To weigh probabilities in the scales of desire.
- Reason is wholly inactive, and can never be the source of so active a principle as conscience, or a sense of morals. 戴维·休谟. 人性论.
- For what does reason discover, when it pronounces any action vicious? 戴维·休谟. 人性论.
- But liberty had been a useless gift to me had I not, as I awakened to reason, at the same time awakened to revenge. 玛丽·雪莱. 弗兰肯斯坦.
- Sir Thomas approved of it for another reason. 简·奥斯汀. 曼斯菲尔德庄园.
- There can be no positive objection, Sir Percival, to that reason---- Very well! 威尔基·柯林斯. 白衣女人.
- Poor Oliver tried to keep up with the coach a little way, but was unable to do it, by reason of his fatigue and sore feet. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 雾都孤儿.
- She had some guilty reason for going to the town secretly. 威尔基·柯林斯. 月亮宝石.
- I say this here for two reasons--because I hope to avoid the critical attack of the genuine Marxian specialist, and because the observation is, I believe, relevant to our subject. 沃尔特·李普曼. 政治序论.
- Yes, but I can't dismiss him in an instant without assigning reasons, my dear Chettam. 乔治·艾略特. 米德尔马契.
- There are reasons now known to me, reasons in which you have no part, rendering it far better for you that you should not remain here. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 荒凉山庄.
- That he had his reasons for this, he knew full well. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 双城记.
- But across that long distance these currents for many reasons grew still weaker. 威廉·亨利·杜利特. 世纪发明.
- It would seem that the manuscript is here imperfect, for we do not find the reasons which finally induce the curtal Friar to amend the King's cheer. 沃尔特·司各特. 艾凡赫.
- Can you not clear up the last point in this mystery, and tell us the reasons for your action? 阿瑟·柯南·道尔. 福尔摩斯归来记.
- The more Adrian reasoned upon this scheme, the more feasible it appeared. 玛丽·雪莱. 最后一个人.
- Here was a problem the like of which he had never encountered, and he felt rather than reasoned that he must meet it as a man and not as an ape. 埃德加·赖斯·巴勒斯. 人猿泰山.
- They reasoned, they appealed, they implored; on his mercy they cast themselves, into his hands they confidingly thrust their interests. 夏洛蒂·勃朗特. 维莱特.
- Mr. Skimpole gently reasoned with him as he made a little drawing of his head on the fly-leaf of a book. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 荒凉山庄.
- I forced back the contemptible tears that were no relief to ME, and that only distressed HER, and reasoned and pleaded as calmly as I could. 威尔基·柯林斯. 白衣女人.
- It's so unsportsmanlike,' reasoned Winkle. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 匹克威克外传.
- She mustn't stop here, Becky reasoned with herself. 威廉·梅克比斯·萨克雷. 名利场.
- I cannot but in some sense admit the force of this reasoning, which I yet hope to traverse by the following considerations. 沃尔特·司各特. 艾凡赫.
- It meant the apprehension of material which should ballast and check the exercise of reasoning. 约翰·杜威. 民主与教育.
- When a man is in love, said Crispin intensively, it is no use reasoning with him; and, as regards Helena, I quite approve of all you say. 弗格斯·休姆. 奇幻岛.
- A like reasoning will account for the idea of external existence. 戴维·休谟. 人性论.
- The same truth may be proved still more evidently by that reasoning, which proved justice in general to be an artificial virtue. 戴维·休谟. 人性论.
- The origin of kindness from beauty may be explained from the foregoing reasoning. 戴维·休谟. 人性论.
- The image in the mind is only that of a particular object, though the application of it in our reasoning be the same, as if it were universal. 戴维·休谟. 人性论.