['sʌbdʒekt;'sʌbdʒɪkt] or [ˈsʌbdʒekt]


(noun.) something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation; 'a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject'.

(noun.) (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated.

(noun.) (logic) the first term of a proposition.

(noun.) the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; 'he didn't want to discuss that subject'; 'it was a very sensitive topic'; 'his letters were always on the theme of love'.

(noun.) a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation; 'the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly'; 'the cases that we studied were drawn from two different communities'.

(verb.) make accountable for; 'He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors'.

(verb.) cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to; 'He subjected me to his awful poetry'; 'The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills'; 'People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation'.

(adj.) likely to be affected by something; 'the bond is subject to taxation'; 'he is subject to fits of depression' .

(adj.) being under the power or sovereignty of another or others; 'subject peoples'; 'a dependent prince' .

校对:梅雷迪思--From WordNet


(a.) Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation.

(a.) Placed under the power of another; specifically (International Law), owing allegiance to a particular sovereign or state; as, Jamaica is subject to Great Britain.

(a.) Exposed; liable; prone; disposed; as, a country subject to extreme heat; men subject to temptation.

(a.) Obedient; submissive.

(a.) That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else.

(a.) Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a sovereign or a sovereign state; as, a subject of Queen Victoria; a British subject; a subject of the United States.

(a.) That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical operation or process; specifically (Anat.), a dead body used for the purpose of dissection.

(a.) That which is brought under thought or examination; that which is taken up for discussion, or concerning which anything is said or done.

(a.) The person who is treated of; the hero of a piece; the chief character.

(a.) That of which anything is affirmed or predicated; the theme of a proposition or discourse; that which is spoken of; as, the nominative case is the subject of the verb.

(a.) That in which any quality, attribute, or relation, whether spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of these appertain; substance; substratum.

(a.) Hence, that substance or being which is conscious of its own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or principal; the ego. Cf. Object, n., 2.

(n.) The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is based.

(n.) The incident, scene, figure, group, etc., which it is the aim of the artist to represent.

(v. t.) To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue.

(v. t.) To expose; to make obnoxious or liable; as, credulity subjects a person to impositions.

(v. t.) To submit; to make accountable.

(v. t.) To make subservient.

(v. t.) To cause to undergo; as, to subject a substance to a white heat; to subject a person to a rigid test.



v. a. [1]. Subdue, control, bring under rule, make submissive, make subordinate.[2]. Enslave, inthrall.[3]. Expose, make liable.[4]. Submit, refer.

a. [1]. Subservient, subjected, in bondage, under the lash, under one's thumb, under one's command, at one's command, at one's beck or call, at one's mercy.[2]. Submissive, obedient.[3]. Exposed, liable.

n. [1]. Dependent, subordinate.[2]. Topic, theme, thesis, point, matter, subject-matter, matter in hand.[3]. Hero, person treated of.[4]. Nominative, nominative case.[5]. Corpse, dead body, carcass.



SYN:Question, matter, material, theme, topic

SYN:Subordinate, subservient, exposed, liable, prone, disposed, obnoxious,amenable

ANT:Superior, independent, exempt, indisposed, unliable, unamenable



adj. under the power of another: liable prone disposed: exposed: subordinate tributary: subservient.—n. one under the power of another: one under allegiance to a sovereign: that on which any operation is performed: that which is treated or handled: (anat.) a dead body for dissection: a person supposed to be peculiarly sensitive to hypnotic influence: that which it is the object of the artist to express the scheme or idea of a work of art: a picture representing action and incident: that of which anything is said or of which a discourse treats bringing many things under a common head: the mind regarded as the thinking power in contrast with the object that about which it thinks: topic: matter materials: the general plan of any work of art.—v.t. Subject′ to throw or bring under: to bring under the power of: to make subordinate or subservient: to subdue: to enslave: to expose or make liable to: to cause to undergo.—n. Subjec′tion the act of subjecting or subduing: the state of being subject to another.—adj. Subject′ive relating to the subject: derived from one's own consciousness: denoting those states of thought or feeling of which the mind is the conscious subject—opp. to Objective.—adv. Subject′ively.—n. Subject′iveness.—v.t. Subject′ivise.—ns. Subject′ivism a philosophical doctrine which refers all knowledge to and founds it upon subjective states; Subject′ivist one who holds to subjectivism.—adj. Subjectivist′ic.—adv. Subjectivist′ically.—ns. Subjectiv′ity state of being subjective: that which is treated subjectively; Sub′ject-matter a tautological compound for subject theme topic; Sub′ject-ob′ject the immediate object of cognition or the thought itself; Sub′jectship the state of being subject.





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