[sɜːv] or [sɝv]


(noun.) (sports) a stroke that puts the ball in play; 'his powerful serves won the game'.

(verb.) put the ball into play; 'It was Agassi's turn to serve'.

(verb.) do duty or hold offices; serve in a specific function; 'He served as head of the department for three years'; 'She served in Congress for two terms'.

(verb.) provide (usually but not necessarily food); 'We serve meals for the homeless'; 'She dished out the soup at 8 P.M.'; 'The entertainers served up a lively show'.

(verb.) help to some food; help with food or drink; 'I served him three times, and after that he helped himself'.

(verb.) mate with; 'male animals serve the females for breeding purposes'.

(verb.) deliver a warrant or summons to someone; 'He was processed by the sheriff'.

(verb.) work for or be a servant to; 'May I serve you?'; 'She attends the old lady in the wheelchair'; 'Can you wait on our table, please?'; 'Is a salesperson assisting you?'; 'The minister served the King for many years'.

(verb.) devote (part of) one's life or efforts to, as of countries, institutions, or ideas; 'She served the art of music'; 'He served the church'; 'serve the country'.

(verb.) contribute or conduce to; 'The scandal served to increase his popularity'.

(verb.) promote, benefit, or be useful or beneficial to; 'Art serves commerce'; 'Their interests are served'; 'The lake serves recreation'; 'The President's wisdom has served the country well'.

(verb.) serve a purpose, role, or function; 'The tree stump serves as a table'; 'The female students served as a control group'; 'This table would serve very well'; 'His freedom served him well'; 'The table functions as a desk'.

(verb.) spend time in prison or in a labor camp; 'He did six years for embezzlement'.

(verb.) do military service; 'She served in Vietnam'; 'My sons never served, because they are short-sighted'.

校对:蒂米--From WordNet


(v. t.) To work for; to labor in behalf of; to exert one's self continuously or statedly for the benefit of; to do service for; to be in the employment of, as an inferior, domestic, serf, slave, hired assistant, official helper, etc.; specifically, in a religious sense, to obey and worship.

(v. t.) To be subordinate to; to act a secondary part under; to appear as the inferior of; to minister to.

(v. t.) To be suitor to; to profess love to.

(v. t.) To wait upon; to supply the wants of; to attend; specifically, to wait upon at table; to attend at meals; to supply with food; as, to serve customers in a shop.

(v. t.) Hence, to bring forward, arrange, deal, or distribute, as a portion of anything, especially of food prepared for eating; -- often with up; formerly with in.

(v. t.) To perform the duties belonging to, or required in or for; hence, to be of use to; as, a curate may serve two churches; to serve one's country.

(v. t.) To contribute or conduce to; to promote; to be sufficient for; to satisfy; as, to serve one's turn.

(v. t.) To answer or be (in the place of something) to; as, a sofa serves one for a seat and a couch.

(v. t.) To treat; to behave one's self to; to requite; to act toward; as, he served me very ill.

(v. t.) To work; to operate; as, to serve the guns.

(v. t.) To bring to notice, deliver, or execute, either actually or constructively, in such manner as the law requires; as, to serve a summons.

(v. t.) To make legal service opon (a person named in a writ, summons, etc.); as, to serve a witness with a subp/na.

(v. t.) To pass or spend, as time, esp. time of punishment; as, to serve a term in prison.

(v. t.) To copulate with; to cover; as, a horse serves a mare; -- said of the male.

(v. t.) To lead off in delivering (the ball).

(v. t.) To wind spun yarn, or the like, tightly around (a rope or cable, etc.) so as to protect it from chafing or from the weather. See under Serving.

(v. i.) To be a servant or a slave; to be employed in labor or other business for another; to be in subjection or bondage; to render menial service.

(v. i.) To perform domestic offices; to be occupied with household affairs; to prepare and dish up food, etc.

(v. i.) To be in service; to do duty; to discharge the requirements of an office or employment. Specifically, to act in the public service, as a soldier, seaman. etc.

(v. i.) To be of use; to answer a purpose; to suffice; to suit; to be convenient or favorable.

(v. i.) To lead off in delivering the ball.



v. a. [1]. Work for, labor for, be under the orders of, be subservient to.[2]. Aid, assist, help, succor, attend, oblige, wait on, minister to.[3]. Promote, advance, forward, benefit, contribute to, be of use to.[4]. Satisfy, content, be sufficient for.[5]. Treat, behave towards.

v. n. [1]. Be a servant, be a slave, be in bondage, be in subjection.[2]. Obey, be dutiful, perform duty.[3]. Answer, do, conduce, minister, be sufficient, be of use, pass muster.[4]. Suit, be convenient, be suitable.



SYN:Obey, minister, subserve, help, work_for, forward, attend, suffice_for, assist,benefit, answer, promote, tend, accommodate

ANT:Command, disobey, thwart, oppose, resist, counteract, contradict, neutralize,baffle, retard, obstruct



v.t. to be a servant to to work for and obey: to attend or wait upon: to work for: to obey: to be subservient or subordinate to: to wait upon at table &c.: to do duty for: to treat behave towards: to render worship to: to aid by good offices: to minister to a priest at mass: to comply with: to requite: to handle manipulate: to furnish: (naut.) to bind with small cord: (law) to deliver or present formally: to furnish: to cover of stallions &c.: to deliver the ball in tennis.—v.i. to be employed as a servant to discharge any regular duty: to be in subjection: to suffice to avail to be suitable or favourable.—n. in tennis the act of the first player in striking the ball or the style in which this is done.—ns. Ser′vage (obs.) servitude: the service of a lover; Ser′ver one who serves: an attendant on the priest at the celebration of the Eucharist: the player who strikes the tennis-ball first: a salver any utensil for distributing or helping at table.—Serve an office to discharge the duties of an office; Serve a process or writ to formally communicate a process or writ to the person to whom it is addressed; Serve an attachment to levy such a writ on the person or goods by seizure; Serve an execution to levy an execution on the person or goods by seizure; Serve a sentence to undergo the punishment prescribed by a judicial sentence; Serve one a trick to play a trick on one; Serve one out to take revenge on some one; Serve one right to treat one as he deserves; Serve one's time to complete one's apprenticeship; Serve out to deal or distribute; Serve the purpose of to answer adequately an end for which something else is designed; Serve the turn to suffice for one's immediate purpose or need; Serve time to undergo a period of imprisonment &c.; Serve up to bring to table.





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