[sɜːv] or [sɝv]
(noun.) (sports) a stroke that puts the ball in play; 'his powerful serves won the game'.
(verb.) put the ball into play; 'It was Agassi's turn to serve'.
(verb.) do duty or hold offices; serve in a specific function; 'He served as head of the department for three years'; 'She served in Congress for two terms'.
(verb.) provide (usually but not necessarily food); 'We serve meals for the homeless'; 'She dished out the soup at 8 P.M.'; 'The entertainers served up a lively show'.
(verb.) help to some food; help with food or drink; 'I served him three times, and after that he helped himself'.
(verb.) mate with; 'male animals serve the females for breeding purposes'.
(verb.) deliver a warrant or summons to someone; 'He was processed by the sheriff'.
(verb.) work for or be a servant to; 'May I serve you?'; 'She attends the old lady in the wheelchair'; 'Can you wait on our table, please?'; 'Is a salesperson assisting you?'; 'The minister served the King for many years'.
(verb.) devote (part of) one's life or efforts to, as of countries, institutions, or ideas; 'She served the art of music'; 'He served the church'; 'serve the country'.
(verb.) contribute or conduce to; 'The scandal served to increase his popularity'.
(verb.) promote, benefit, or be useful or beneficial to; 'Art serves commerce'; 'Their interests are served'; 'The lake serves recreation'; 'The President's wisdom has served the country well'.
(verb.) serve a purpose, role, or function; 'The tree stump serves as a table'; 'The female students served as a control group'; 'This table would serve very well'; 'His freedom served him well'; 'The table functions as a desk'.
(verb.) spend time in prison or in a labor camp; 'He did six years for embezzlement'.
(verb.) do military service; 'She served in Vietnam'; 'My sons never served, because they are short-sighted'.
(v. t.) To work for; to labor in behalf of; to exert one's self continuously or statedly for the benefit of; to do service for; to be in the employment of, as an inferior, domestic, serf, slave, hired assistant, official helper, etc.; specifically, in a religious sense, to obey and worship.
(v. t.) To be subordinate to; to act a secondary part under; to appear as the inferior of; to minister to.
(v. t.) To be suitor to; to profess love to.
(v. t.) To wait upon; to supply the wants of; to attend; specifically, to wait upon at table; to attend at meals; to supply with food; as, to serve customers in a shop.
(v. t.) Hence, to bring forward, arrange, deal, or distribute, as a portion of anything, especially of food prepared for eating; -- often with up; formerly with in.
(v. t.) To perform the duties belonging to, or required in or for; hence, to be of use to; as, a curate may serve two churches; to serve one's country.
(v. t.) To contribute or conduce to; to promote; to be sufficient for; to satisfy; as, to serve one's turn.
(v. t.) To answer or be (in the place of something) to; as, a sofa serves one for a seat and a couch.
(v. t.) To treat; to behave one's self to; to requite; to act toward; as, he served me very ill.
(v. t.) To work; to operate; as, to serve the guns.
(v. t.) To bring to notice, deliver, or execute, either actually or constructively, in such manner as the law requires; as, to serve a summons.
(v. t.) To make legal service opon (a person named in a writ, summons, etc.); as, to serve a witness with a subp/na.
(v. t.) To pass or spend, as time, esp. time of punishment; as, to serve a term in prison.
(v. t.) To copulate with; to cover; as, a horse serves a mare; -- said of the male.
(v. t.) To lead off in delivering (the ball).
(v. t.) To wind spun yarn, or the like, tightly around (a rope or cable, etc.) so as to protect it from chafing or from the weather. See under Serving.
(v. i.) To be a servant or a slave; to be employed in labor or other business for another; to be in subjection or bondage; to render menial service.
(v. i.) To perform domestic offices; to be occupied with household affairs; to prepare and dish up food, etc.
(v. i.) To be in service; to do duty; to discharge the requirements of an office or employment. Specifically, to act in the public service, as a soldier, seaman. etc.
(v. i.) To be of use; to answer a purpose; to suffice; to suit; to be convenient or favorable.
(v. i.) To lead off in delivering the ball.
v. a. . Work for, labor for, be under the orders of, be subservient to.. Aid, assist, help, succor, attend, oblige, wait on, minister to.. Promote, advance, forward, benefit, contribute to, be of use to.. Satisfy, content, be sufficient for.. Treat, behave towards.
v. n. . Be a servant, be a slave, be in bondage, be in subjection.. Obey, be dutiful, perform duty.. Answer, do, conduce, minister, be sufficient, be of use, pass muster.. Suit, be convenient, be suitable.
SYN:Obey, minister, subserve, help, work_for, forward, attend, suffice_for, assist,benefit, answer, promote, tend, accommodate
ANT:Command, disobey, thwart, oppose, resist, counteract, contradict, neutralize,baffle, retard, obstruct
v.t. to be a servant to to work for and obey: to attend or wait upon: to work for: to obey: to be subservient or subordinate to: to wait upon at table &c.: to do duty for: to treat behave towards: to render worship to: to aid by good offices: to minister to a priest at mass: to comply with: to requite: to handle manipulate: to furnish: (naut.) to bind with small cord: (law) to deliver or present formally: to furnish: to cover of stallions &c.: to deliver the ball in tennis.—v.i. to be employed as a servant to discharge any regular duty: to be in subjection: to suffice to avail to be suitable or favourable.—n. in tennis the act of the first player in striking the ball or the style in which this is done.—ns. Ser′vage (obs.) servitude: the service of a lover; Ser′ver one who serves: an attendant on the priest at the celebration of the Eucharist: the player who strikes the tennis-ball first: a salver any utensil for distributing or helping at table.—Serve an office to discharge the duties of an office; Serve a process or writ to formally communicate a process or writ to the person to whom it is addressed; Serve an attachment to levy such a writ on the person or goods by seizure; Serve an execution to levy an execution on the person or goods by seizure; Serve a sentence to undergo the punishment prescribed by a judicial sentence; Serve one a trick to play a trick on one; Serve one out to take revenge on some one; Serve one right to treat one as he deserves; Serve one's time to complete one's apprenticeship; Serve out to deal or distribute; Serve the purpose of to answer adequately an end for which something else is designed; Serve the turn to suffice for one's immediate purpose or need; Serve time to undergo a period of imprisonment &c.; Serve up to bring to table.
- They have a kind of hard flints, which, by grinding against other stones, they form into instruments, that serve instead of wedges, axes, and hammers. 乔纳森·斯威夫特. 格列佛游记.
- She shall serve me the allotted time. 埃德加·赖斯·巴勒斯. 火星战神.
- The same notion lies imbedded in the phrase: government must serve the people. 沃尔特·李普曼. 政治序论.
- I should then have done all that a man in my position could do to serve the interests of my old friend's only child. 威尔基·柯林斯. 白衣女人.
- No man ever can have been more desirous in his heart to serve a friend, than I am to serve mine, if I knew how. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 双城记.
- What you want me to serve, is nothing, mere nothing. 戴维·赫伯特·劳伦斯. 恋爱中的女人.
- This made it very difficult for the housewife to serve the breakfast hot, and particularly the toast, which is a favorite dish of our breakfast table. 佚名. 神奇的知识之书.
- If the guests chose to partake of what was served, he saw no objection; but it was served for the maintenance of his rank. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 小杜丽.
- Nobody has ever been served so! 托马斯·哈代. 还乡.
- A great stone that I happened to find, after a long search, by the sea-shore, served me for an anchor. 乔纳森·斯威夫特. 格列佛游记.
- He had no weapon, excepting a poniard at his belt, which served to counterbalance the weight of the bunch of rusty keys that hung at his right side. 沃尔特·司各特. 艾凡赫.
- That would have served me right, though. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 雾都孤儿.
- Served him jolly well right! 弗格斯·休姆. 奇幻岛.
- He was from Grimsby, as I told you, and he served his apprenticeship there. 威尔基·柯林斯. 白衣女人.
- I must indeed, I said; for when just now I repeated the offer of serving him for a deacon, he expressed himself shocked at my want of decency. 夏洛蒂·勃朗特. 简·爱.
- On board serving as third mate was George Radfoot. 查尔斯·狄更斯. 我们共同的朋友.
- We were eating at the inn from where the buses leave and the room was crowded and people were singing and there was difficulty serving. 欧内斯特·海明威. 丧钟为谁而鸣.
- We must begin by showing how the Diamond first fell into the hands of my uncle Herncastle, when he was serving in India fifty years since. 威尔基·柯林斯. 月亮宝石.
- To collect documents is one mode of serving your country, and to remember the contents of a document is another. 乔治·艾略特. 米德尔马契.
- He was serving in a war and he gave absolute loyalty and as complete a performance as he could give while he was serving. 欧内斯特·海明威. 丧钟为谁而鸣.
- Here, its power was only a glare: a stifling, sickly glare, serving but to bring forward stains and dirt that might otherwise have slept. 简·奥斯汀. 曼斯菲尔德庄园.
- An electric pad serves the same purpose as a hot water bag. 伯莎M.克拉克. 科学通论.
- Ordinarily a combination of products best serves the ends of the physician. 伯莎M.克拉克. 科学通论.
- There was, if my memory serves me, but one small steamer to transport troops and baggage when the 4th infantry arrived. 尤利西斯·格兰特. U．S．格兰特的个人回忆录.
- A cheap pump is then attached to the upper end of the drill pipe and serves to raise the water. 伯莎M.克拉克. 科学通论.
- In Europe, corn is the principal produce of land, which serves immediately for human food. 亚当·斯密. 国富论.
- Another and cheaper product experimented with is the pith of the cornstalk, which is much lighter than the cocoanut fiber and serves the same purpose. 佚名. 神奇的知识之书.
- This, if my memory serves me correctly, broke through the only pontoon bridge we had in all our march across the peninsula. 尤利西斯·格兰特. U．S．格兰特的个人回忆录.